Three 6 Mafia

Three 6 Mafia

Three 6 Mafia

Biography

Three 6 Mafia is a hip hop group originally from Memphis, Tennessee, signed to Sony Music Entertainment under the Columbia Records imprint. Formed in 1991 as Backyard Posse then later Triple 6 Mafia, by DJ Paul, Lord Infamous, Juicy J and Koopsta Knicca, the group later included two more members including; Crunchy Black and Gangsta Boo (both added shortly before the release of their debut album Mystic Stylez). The group has also collaborated with many other rappers on their own label; Hypnotize Minds, where they launched the careers of many Memphis rappers, such as Frayser Boy, Gangsta Blac, Lil Wyte and Indo G. The group frequently collaborates with Project Pat (Juicy J‘s older brother). Their 2005 song “It’s Hard Out Here for a Pimp” from the 2005 film Hustle and Flow won Best Original Song at the 78th Academy Awards, with the group being the first hip hop artists to perform at the ceremony.

The group released their debut underground album Mystic Stylez in 1995 through Prophet Entertainment, a record label they created but have since relinquished control of. Their musical style—which initially featured dark, menacing beats with equally gritty lyrics—has since moved to a more mainstream sound. The group has also had numerous lineup changes, and now consists of original members Juicy J and DJ Paul. Nonetheless, they have cultivated a sizable and diverse cult following that has only increased since their Oscar win. Two of their albums are RIAA-rated platinum: When the Smoke Clears: Sixty 6, Sixty 1 (2000) and Most Known Unknown (2005), the latter featured their well-known single “Stay Fly”, which is said to have kick-started their rise to fame and the mainstream. The group’s worldwide album sales stand at 5.5 million. In 2013, five of the original members reunited, performing under the name Da Mafia 6ix, and are planning to release a new album in 2014.

The group started in 1991 in Memphis with DJ Paul (Paul Beauregard), Juicy J (Jordan Houston) and Lord Infamous (Ricky Dunigan). The original name for the dark hip hop group was “Backyard Posse”. The group formed through the release of numerous EPs from their own record company with Nick Scarfo, Prophet Entertainment, which were sold around Memphis and the Mid-West. Later DJ Paul and Juicy J formed their own label, Hypnotize Minds Records. During their early career, they also propelled the careers of several other rappers. Eventually added before the release of Mystic Stylez were rappers Koopsta Knicca (Robert Cooper), Gangsta Boo (Lola Mitchell), and Crunchy Black (Darnell Carlton). They left the label due to money disputes.

The group expanded and help start the careers of notable Mafia affiliates such as Project Pat, Al Kapone, La Chat, Lil Wyte, T-Rock, Killa Klan Kaze, Playa Fly and Indo G. The production acumen of Juicy and Paul also brought about a number of side projects such as Tear da Club Up Thugs, Hypnotize Camp Posse and Da Headbussaz as well as independent label ventures.

At this point in the group’s evolution, having signed to a major label and having scored an admirable hit single, group leaders DJ Paul and Juicy J began extending their brand. They started by releasing solo albums by Gangsta Boo and Koopsta Knicca, solo albums by their affiliates such as, Can It Be? by Gangsta Blac, Ghetty Green, Murderers & Robbers, Mista Don’t Play: Everythangs Workin’ and Layin’ da Smack Down by Project Pat, Doubt Me Now, Phinally Phamous, The One and Only and The Bad Influence by Lil Wyte, Angel Dust by Indo G, Gone On That Bay by Frayser Boy, and compilation-styled albums such as collections of tracks from earlier years (Underground Vol. 1: (1991-1994), Underground Vol. 2: Club Memphis, Underground Vol. 3: Kings of Memphis). Three Six Mafia also originally coined the term “Crunk” as a description of their Southern type sound.

Three 6 Mafia became the first hip-hop group to win an Academy Award for Best Original Song with “It’s Hard out Here for a Pimp” (co-written by Frayser Boy). They were also the first hip-hop artists to ever to perform at the ceremony. It was the second hip hop song (and the first crunk/dirty south song) to win an Oscar, after Eminem’s “Lose Yourself”, from the film 8 Mile (2002). Right before presenter Queen Latifah announced that they had won, she chuckled and sang a refrain from the popular song. The energy from Houston, Coleman, and Beauregard’s presence and acceptance speech was infectious, causing that year’s Oscar host Jon Stewart to quip “How come they’re the most excited people tonight?…. That’s how you accept an Oscar.”

On June 7, 2006, Sony officially acknowledged the departure of original Triple Six Mafia member Crunchy Black. He stated his reason for departure was to make a solo album that DJ Paul and Juicy J had allegedly put off for years, with most of the material being used for Most Known Unknown. Thereafter Three Six Mafia consisted just of remaining members DJ Paul and Juicy J.

The two producers of the group had their own reality show, Adventures in Hollyhood, on MTV. The show focused on what it’s like to be a member of Three Six Mafia, balancing the increased fame after their Oscar win while attempting to stay true to their fans. The show premiered on April 5, 2007 on MTV. Three 6 Mafia also featured on Justin Timberlake’s “Chop Me Up” from his 2006 album FutureSex/LoveSounds.

After leaving Three 6 Mafia a number of years prior, Lord Infamous was featured on DJ Paul‘s second solo album Scale-A-Ton, which was released on May 5, 2009. Lord Infamous was featured on 8 tracks. Juicy J‘s second solo album Hustle Till I Die was released on June 16, 2009. The album featured his brother and frequent collaborator Project Pat and other rappers such as V-Slash, Gucci Mane, Webbie and Gorilla Zoe.

Three 6 Mafia released their eighth studio album Last 2 Walk on June 24, 2008, after multiple delays. The album featured collaborations with Project Pat, Lil Wyte, Akon, Good Charlotte, Lyfe Jennings and UGK.

The group were working on their tenth studio album titled Laws of Power in 2009, it has spawned four singles so far, “Shake My” featuring R&B signer Kalenna and rapper Pitbull was released September 8, 2009. “Lil’ Freak (Ugh Ugh Ugh)”, which features Louisiana rapper Webbie was released on September 25, 2009. The third single, “Feel It”, featuring Tiësto, Sean Kingston and Flo Rida was released in November, the single was later nominated for ‘Best Hip Hop Dance Track’ at the 2010 International Dance Music Awards. The last single to be released from the album was “Shots After Shots”, which featured Tech N9ne and production by Dr. Luke. The album has since been put on hold by Columbia Records, with DJ Paul and Juicy J pursuing other ventures and solo careers.

After a number of mixtapes, DJ Paul released his third solo studio album A Person of Interest on October 22, 2012. He announced that the album is a mix of gangsta rap and crunk music, with it also incorporating influences from dubstep and electronic dance music. The album featured past collaboraters Lil Wyte and Gucci Mane, and also came with a bonus DVD including a self-titled short movie, music videos and behind the scenes footage. On November 26, 2013, DJ Paul released Volume 16: The Original Masters, a remaster of his 1994 mixtape 4 Da Summer of ’94, on iTunes.

From 2009 through 2012, Juicy J also moved away from Three 6 Mafia to focus on his solo career. During this time he released a number of solo mixtapes such as Rubba Band Business and Blue Dream & Lean. He also frequently collaborated with rapper Wiz Khalifa, appearing on a number of his mixtapes. In December 2011, Juicy J confirmed that he was the newest member of Wiz Khalifa’s Taylor Gang imprint – as an A&R and one-third owner of the imprint. After releasing a series of singles, including the chart topping “Bandz a Make Her Dance” which features 2 Chainz and Lil Wayne, Juicy J released his third solo studio album Stay Trippy under Taylor Gang Records, Kemosabe Records and Columbia Records on August 27, 2013. Juicy J has since stated that he would still “love to” participate in a Three 6 Mafia album in the future.

In 2013, it was announced that five of the six original members of Three 6 Mafia, DJ Paul, Crunchy Black, Koopsta Knicca, Lord Infamous and Gangsta Boo, were reuniting as “Da Mafia 6ix” with plans to release an album, which is currently scheduled for a March 2014 release. Recording began in Las Vegas in late 2013. Due to the established contracts with Sony, who own the rights to Three 6 Mafia, Juicy J could not perform with DJ Paul in a different group not under the label. DJ Paul explained the name change of the group was because of Juicy J‘s absence, and that he would “look at it as a new project”. On November 12, 2013, Da Mafia 6ix released their first mixtape 6iX Commandments. The tape was almost entirely produced by DJ Paul and featured Yelawolf, 8Ball & MJG, Krayzie Bone, Bizzy Bone, SpaceGhostPurrp and HCP affiliates Lil Wyte, Skinny Pimp and La Chat, among others. Juicy J and Project Pat also appeared as surprise guests on the posse song “Body Parts”, being credited just as “& more” in the track listing. The mixtape was supported by the lead single “Go Hard” featuring Yelawolf. The mixtape also received a retail release and debuted at number 34 on the US Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart.

On December 21, 2013, founding group member Lord Infamous died of a heart attack in his sleep at his mother’s home in Memphis, Tennessee. Gangsta Boo would also leave the group in May 2014. DJ Paul explained it saying, “It was what we thought was going to be best for everybody. It just happened. Nobody forced nobody. It was a gut feeling.” The reunited group’s album, Watch What U Wish, will be released in 2014.

Discography

Triple 6 Mafia - Smoked Out Loced Out

Triple 6 Mafia – Smoked Out Loced Out

Prophet Entertainment 1994
Three 6 Mafia - Mystic Stylez

Three 6 Mafia – Mystic Stylez

Prophet Entertainment 1995
Three 6 Mafia - Live By Yo Rep (B.O.N.E. Dis)

Three 6 Mafia – Live By Yo Rep (B.O.N.E. Dis)

Prophet Entertainment 1995
Three 6 Mafia - The End

Three 6 Mafia – The End

Prophet Entertainment 1996
Three 6 Mafia - Chpt 2: "World Domination"

Three 6 Mafia – Chpt 2: “World Domination”

Relativity 1997
Triple Six Mafia - Underground Vol. 1 (1991 - 1994)

Triple Six Mafia – Underground Vol. 1 (1991 – 1994)

Smoked Out Music 1999
Triple Six Mafia - Underground Vol. 2: Club Memphis

Triple Six Mafia – Underground Vol. 2: Club Memphis

Smoked Out Music 1999
Triple 6 Mafia - Underground Vol. 3: Kings Of Memphis

Triple 6 Mafia – Underground Vol. 3: Kings Of Memphis

Smoked Out Music 2000
Three 6 Mafia - When The Smoke Clears: Sixty 6, Sixty 1

Three 6 Mafia – When The Smoke Clears: Sixty 6, Sixty 1

Loud Records, Hypnotize Minds 2000
Three 6 Mafia - Choices: The Album

Three 6 Mafia – Choices: The Album

Loud Records, Hypnotize Minds 2001
Triple 6 Mafia & Fiend Presents Da Headbussaz - Dat's How It Happen To 'M

Triple 6 Mafia & Fiend Presents Da Headbussaz – Dat’s How It Happen To ‘M

Hypnotize Minds, Fiend Entertainment 2002
Three 6 Mafia - Da Unbreakables

Three 6 Mafia – Da Unbreakables

Hypnotize Minds, Columbia 2003
Three 6 Mafia - Most Known Unknown

Three 6 Mafia – Most Known Unknown

Hypnotize Minds, Columbia 2005
Three 6 Mafia - Most Known Hits

Three 6 Mafia – Most Known Hits

Hypnotize Minds 2005
Three 6 Mafia Presents Choices II: The Setup

Three 6 Mafia Presents Choices II: The Setup

Hypnotize Minds, Columbia 2005
Triple Six Mafia - Smoked Out Music Greatest Hits

Triple Six Mafia Presents Smoked Out Music Greatest Hits

Hypnotize Minds 2006
Triple Six Mafia - Prophet Entertainment Greatest Hits

Triple Six Mafia Presents Prophet Entertainment Greatest Hits

Hypnotize Minds 2007
Three 6 Mafia - Last 2 Walk

Three 6 Mafia – Last 2 Walk

Hypnotize Minds, Columbia 2008

Guest Appearances

Gangsta Blac - Can It Be?
  • Funky Town

Gangsta Blac - Can It Be?

Prophet Entertainment 1996
Indo G - Angel Dust
  • Throw Them Thangs

Indo G - Angel Dust

Relativity 1998
Crucial Conflict - Good Side, Bad Side
  • 2 Bogus

Crucial Conflict - Good Side, Bad Side

Pallas Records, Raw Dope Productions, Universal 1998
The Kaze - Kamakazie Timez Up
  • Time’s Up

The Kaze - Kamakazie Timez Up

Prophet Entertainment 1998
Prophet Posse - Body Parts
  • Favorite Scary Movie

Prophet Posse - Body Parts

Prophet Entertainment 1998
Young Kyoz - Black Roses
  • Gotta Touchem

Young Kyoz - Black Roses

Heavy-N-Da Game Entertainment 1999
C-Loc - It's A Gamble
  • Don’t Start Nothin’

C-Loc – It’s A Gamble

C-Loc Records 2000
Three 6 Mafia Presents Hypnotize Camp Posse
  • Who Run It

Three 6 Mafia Presents Hypnotize Camp Posse

Loud Records, Hypnotize Minds 2000
Eight Ball & MJG - Memphis Under World
  • Break Da Law

Eight Ball & MJG – Memphis Under World

On The Strength Records 2000
Twiztid - Freek Show
  • Where Itz Goin Down

Twiztid – Freek Show

Island Def Jam Music Group 2000
Lil Jon & The East Side Boyz - We Still Crunk!!
  • Move Bitch

Lil Jon & The East Side Boyz – We Still Crunk !!

BME Recordings 2000
5th Ward Weebie - Ghetto Platinum
  • Whatever

5th Ward Weebie – Ghetto Platinum

Most Wanted Empire 2000
Young Kyoz - The Ghetto Made Me Crazy
  • Gotta Touchem

Young Kyoz – The Ghetto Made Me Crazy

Heavy-N-Da Game Entertainment 2000
Mr. Serv-On - War Is Me Pt. 1 - Battle Decisions
  • What They Do

Mr. Serv-On – War Is Me Pt. 1: Battle Decisions

Lifetown Entertainment 2000
Gangsta Boo - Both Worlds *69
  • Don’t Stand So Close ’2001′

Gangsta Boo – Both Worlds *69

Loud Records, Hypnotize Minds 2001
Project Pat - Mista Don't Play: Everythangs Workin
  • Chickenhead

Project Pat – Mista Don’t Play: Everythangs Workin

Loud Records, Hypnotize Minds 2001
3re Tha Hardaway - D.S. Foundation
  • Born In Tha Ghetto (Remix)

3re Tha Hardaway – D.S. Foundation

Dead Serious Recordz, Lightyear Entertainment 2001
Ludacris - Word Of Mouf
  • Go 2 Sleep

Ludacris – Word Of Mouf

Def Jam South, Disturbing Tha Peace 2001
Lil' Jon & The East Side Boyz - Put Yo Hood Up
  • Move Bitch

Lil’ Jon & The East Side Boyz – Put Yo Hood Up

TVT Records 2001
Ike Dirty - Dirty's Way
  • Rush

Ike Dirty – Dirty’s Way

Rockboy Street Records 2002
Spice 1 - Hits 3
  • Wet Party

Spice 1 – Hits 3

Mobb Status Entertainment 2002
Frayser Boy - Gone On That Bay
  • Nan Notha’

Frayser Boy – Gone On That Bay

Hypnotize Minds 2003
Young Trojanz - Prime Suspects
  • Prime Suspect

Young Trojanz – Prime Suspects

Out Da Woods Records 2003
Lil' Flip - U Gotta Feel Me
  • Represent

Lil’ Flip – U Gotta Feel Me

Columbia, Clover G Records, Sucka Free Records 2004
Play-N-Skillz - The Process
  • Take Ya Clothes Off

Play-N-Skillz – The Process

Universal Records 2004
I-20 - Self Explanatory
  • Hennessey & Hydro

I-20 – Self Explanatory

Capitol Records 2004
Lil Wyte - Phinally Phamous
  • US Soldier Boy

Lil Wyte – Phinally Phamous

Hypnotize Minds 2004
Paul Wall - The Peoples Champ
  • I’m A Playa

Paul Wall – The Peoples Champ

Atlantic 2005
Lil' Flip - I Need Mine $$
  • 3,2,1 Go!

Lil’ Flip – I Need Mine $$

Columbia, Clover G Records 2005
Yung Redd & Lil Ron - Tha Paper Route
  • Ball Til I Fall

Yung Redd & Lil Ron – Tha Paper Route

Sucka Free Records 2005
Ying Yang Twins - U.S.A. Still United
  • 4 Oz.

Ying Yang Twins – U.S.A. Still United

TVT Records 2005
One Twelve - Pleasure & Pain
  • Closing The Club

One Twelve – Pleasure & Pain

Def Soul 2005
David Banner - Certified
  • Gangster Walk

David Banner – Certified

Universal Records 2005
Voltio - Voltio
  • Chulin Culin Chunfly (Street Mix)

Voltio – Voltio

White Lion Records, Sony Urban 2005
Czar-Nok - That One Way
  • Throw Me That Pack

Czar-Nok – That One Way

Capitol Records 2005
Trae - Restless
  • Cadillac

Trae – Restless

G-Maab Entertainment, Rap-A-Lot 4 Life 2006
Dem Franchize Boyz - On Top Of Our Game
  • Don’t Play With Me

Dem Franchize Boyz – On Top Of Our Game

Virgin Records 2006
Project Pat - Crook By The Book: The Fed Story
  • Good Googly Moogly

Project Pat – Crook By The Book: The Fed Story

Sony BMG Music Entertainment 2006
Lil Scrappy - Bred 2 Die - Born 2 Live
  • Posted In The Club

Lil Scrappy – Bred 2 Die – Born 2 Live

BME Recordings, Reprise Records 2006
Chingy - Hoodstar
  • Club Gettin’ Crowded

Chingy – Hoodstar

Capitol Records 2006
Lyfe Jennings - The Phoenix
  • Still Here

Lyfe Jennings – The Phoenix

Sony Urban Music, Columbia 2006
Crunchy Black - On My Own

Crunchy Black – On My Own

Hypnotize Minds 2006
Young Jeezy - The Inspiration
  • Hood Rat (Bonus Track)

Young Jeezy – The Inspiration

Def Jam Recordings 2006
Lil' Flip - I Need Mine $$
  • 3,2,1 Go

Lil’ Flip – I Need Mine $$

Asylum Records, Clover G Records, Warner Bros. 2007
Eightball & M.J.G. - Ridin High
  • Cruzin’

Eightball & M.J.G. – Ridin High

Bad Boy Records 2007
UGK - Underground Kingz
  • Int’l Players Anthem (I Choose You)

UGK – Underground Kingz

Jive 2007
N.O.R.E. - Noreality
  • That Club Shit

N.O.R.E. – Noreality

Babygrande 2007
Project Pat - Walkin' Bank Roll
  • Don’t Call Me No Mo

Project Pat – Walkin’ Bank Roll

Hypnotize Minds, Koch Records 2007
Ali & Gipp - Kinfolk
  • What’s The Business

Ali & Gipp – Kinfolk

Universal Motown 2007
Young Crhyme - Crhyme City 2.0
  • Intro

Young Crhyme – Crhyme City 2.0

Wunderkind Entertainment, Nightclub Records 2008
UNK - 2econd Season
  • Wet Wet

UNK – 2econd Season

Koch Records 2008
Tech N9ne - K.O.D.
  • Demons

Tech N9ne – K.O.D.

Strange Music 2009
Alchemist - Chemical Warfare
  • That’ll Work

Alchemist – Chemical Warfare

E1 Entertainment 2009
Kevin Rudolf - To The Sky
  • Whatchu Waiting For

Kevin Rudolf – To The Sky

Cash Money Records, Universal Republic 2010
Quincy Jones - Q: Soul Bossa Nostra
  • Hikky-Burr

Quincy Jones – Q: Soul Bossa Nostra

Qwest Records 2010
Cutthroat - The Takeova
  • I.T. Pimpin’

Cutthroat – The Takeova

Hypnotize Minds, D-Brady Entertainment 2010
French Montana - Casino Life: Mr. 16
  • Alright

French Montana – Casino Life: Mr. 16

Evil Empire 2011
Project Pat - Loud Pack
  • Dollar Signs (Remix)

Project Pat – Loud Pack

Hypnotize Minds 2011
Al Kapone - Al Kapeezy Oh Boy!! The Hits
  • We On Deck

Al Kapone – Al Kapeezy Oh Boy!! The Hits

Not On Label 2012
Insane Clown Posse - Mike E Clark's Extra Pop Emporium
  • Night Of The Chainsaw (Joe Strange Remix)

Insane Clown Posse – Mike E Clark’s Extra Pop Emporium

Psychopathic Records 2012

Compilations

Young Southern Playaz Vol. 1
  • Tear Da Club Up (YSP Remix)

Young Southern Playaz Vol. 1

Brutal Records, Priority Records 1996
The Southwest Riders
  • Threesixafix

The Southwest Riders

Sick Wid’ It Records, Jive 1997
Butter (Original Soundtrack)
  • Hit ‘Em

Butter (Original Soundtrack)

Relativity 1998
DJ Nite & Playa G Presents The Nitemare Vol. 2
  • Stomp

DJ Nite & Playa G Presents The Nitemare Vol. 2

Eastwood 1999
J Prince Presents Realest Ni@@as Down South
  • Armageddon Comes

Realest Ni@@as Down South

Rap-A-Lot Records, Priority Records 1999
Whiteboys (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
  • Wanna Be’s

Whiteboys (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)

TVT Soundtrax, Offline Music 1999
OZ - The Soundtrack
  • War Wit Us

OZ – The Soundtrack

Avatar, Nettwerk 2000
Blazin' (The Soundtrack)
  • Face Down

Blazin’ (The Soundtrack)

Activate Entertainment 2001
Exit Wounds - The Album
  • They Don’t Fuck Wit U

Exit Wounds – The Album

Blackground Entertainment, Virgin Records 2001
Greg Street - Six O'Clock Vol. 1
  • We Got Da Dope

Greg Street – Six O’Clock Vol. 1

Slip-N-Slide Records 2001
Lil' Flip Presents Clover G's
  • Rainbow Colors

Lil’ Flip Presents Clover G’s

Holla Records 2003
Booty Summer Party 2003
  • 2 Live Party

Booty Summer Party 2003

Lil’ Joe Records 2003
Whatup2daHood
  • 36 Thugs

Whatup2daHood

Thugged Out Militainment 2004
DJ Kay Slay - The Streetsweeper Vol. 2: The Pain From The Game
  • Who Gives A Fuck Where You From

DJ Kay Slay – The Streetsweeper Vol. 2: The Pain From The Game

Columbia 2004
Rocky Balboa - The Best Of Rocky
  • It’s A Fight

Rocky Balboa – The Best Of Rocky

Capitol Records 2006
DJ Kay Slay & Greg Street - The Champions: The North Meets The South
  • Hood Drug Warz

DJ Kay Slay & Greg Street – The Champions: The North Meets The South

Koch Records 2006
WWE - Wreckless Intent
  • Some Bodies Gonna Get It (Mark Henry)

WWE: Wreckless Intent

Columbia 2006
8Ball Memphis All-Stars - Cars, Clubs, & Strip Clubs
  • This Ain’t

8Ball Memphis All-Stars – Cars, Clubs, & Strip Clubs

8 Ways Entertainment 2009