Luke

Luke

Luke

Biography

Luther R. Campbell (born December 22, 1960), also known as Luke Skyywalker, Uncle Luke or Luke, is a record label owner, rap performer (taking the non-rapping role of promoter), and actor. He is perhaps best known as a one-time member and leader of 2 Live Crew, and star of his own show, Luke’s Parental Advisory. As a result of one of the group’s songs, which used a parody of Roy Orbison’s “Oh, Pretty Woman” Campbell was party to Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc. which was argued in front of the US Supreme Court. 

Luke’s work as a performer can be characterised as Southern Rap; most of it is part of the Miami Bass sub-genre. The sexual content of his group’s lyrics caused controversy and led to legal cases. Usually, Luke does not rap but rather shouts or chants – very often in a call and response manner, with him calling and the crowd responding. He was not an original member of the 2 Live Crew, only joining them after their first steps as a California rap crew. Only through Campbell did they become “Southern” rappers.

Luke began as a concert promoter in Miami, bringing all the hot rap groups of the early 1980s to the city. In 1983, he enrolled in an 8-week study course at public radio station WDNA, learning basic audio editing and production techniques. In 1985, 2 Live Crew‘s initial single (2 Live AKA Beat Box) was a smash hit on the South Florida club circuit, so Luke brought them from California to Miami for a performance. He took a special interest in the group and began managing them, and only after he saw a lack of stage presence in the front men did he insert himself into the group as their “hype man”.

Luke’s first solo LP, Banned In The U.S.A., was basically a 2 Live Crew record, yet he did not offer royalties to the group for creating the album; rather, a small flat fee was paid. When 2 Live Crew‘s contracts with Luke Records ended in 1991, the group’s producer (and Luke Records’ in-house producer for the entire label) Mr. Mixx left the group and returned to California. However, the group did decide to do a sequel to their biggest album. Initially, Luke employed the label’s second string producers The O.D.S. to produce the album, but it was not turning into the group’s vision, so Luke recruited Mr. Mixx to return and produce the album as an independent producer (T-Shirt and Khakis Productions). However, by the time of the album’s completion, they sought to make it appear as if the group was totally intact. Shortly after, all members of the group drew up a lawsuit against Luke for unpaid royalties, which member Fresh Kid Ice backed out of and revamped a new 2 Live Crew with Luke in 1994. Finally a settlement was reached for the remaining plaintiffs. Shortly after this, label-mate MC Shy D would effectively sue Luke Records for $1.2 million dollars in unpaid royalties. The judge in the case, a former musician himself, verbally stated that he wanted to make an example of Luke.

Luke released a solo record (technically, his first) in 1991 entitled I Wanna Rock (also known as Doo Doo Brown), but he remained true to his call and response style rather than rapping, and hired outside producers. The song is seen as a pivotal point in Miami Bass, sparking what some call its third wave. He released it on the heels of the final 2 Live Crew album, going so far as to stop promotion on their album while the 2 Live Crew single “Pop that Coochie” was still in the charts. It is suggested that Luke wanted his solo song to be seen as the next 2 Live Crew single, despite not having rights to the group’s name.

Luke Records filed for bankruptcy in the mid-1990s. Former Luke Records’ Chief Financial Officer Joseph “Lil’ Joe” Weinberger acquired the Luke Records catalog, and reunified the original three members of 2 Live Crew without Luke during the mid-1990s to release music on Lil Joe Records. Some suggest Lil Joe deliberately forced Luke Records into bankruptcy over unpaid loans between the two men. Lil Joe (who used to produce Miami Bass records) has a vocal style not too dissimilar from Luke, in any case, they both (normally) do not rap and use guest rappers. Crunk music may be seen as the heir of Campbell’s brand of Miami bass, both lyrically and musically.

On February 2, 2011, Campbell announced his intention to run for mayor of Miami-Dade County on a platform that includes making housing projects safer, transparency in local government, and taxing strippers.

Discography

Luke - Banned In The U.S.A.

Luke – Banned In The U.S.A.

Luke Records 1990
Luke - I Got Shit On My Mind

Luke – I Got Shit On My Mind

Luke Records 1992
Luke - In The Nude

Luke – In The Nude

Luke Records 1993
Luke - Christmas At Luke's Sex Shop

Luke – Christmas At Luke’s Sex Shop

Lil’ Joe Records Inc. 1994
Luke - Freak For Life - 6996

Luke – Freak For Life – 6996

Luke Records 1994
Luke - Uncle Luke

Luke – Uncle Luke

Luther Campbell Music 1996
Luke - Greatest Hits

Luke – Greatest Hits

Lil’ Joe Records 1996
Luke - Changin' The Game

Luke – Changin’ The Game

Luke Records 1997
Luke - Christmas At Luke's House

Christmas At Luke’s House

Lil’ Joe Records 1997
Uncle Luke - Something Nasty

Uncle Luke – Something Nasty

Koch Records 2001
Uncle Luke - My Life & Freaky Times

Uncle Luke – My Life & Freaky Times

Luke Records 2006

Guest Appearances

Lorenzo - Love On My Mind
  • Love On My Mind

Lorenzo – Love On My Mind

Lil’ Joe Records 1995
No Good & Jiggie - Lizard Lizard
  • What A Girl Needs

No Good & Jiggie – Lizard Lizard

Loud Records, RCA Records 1998
DJ Laz - Cruzin'
  • Get Your Ass Off The Stage

DJ Laz – Cruzin’

Pandisc Records 1998
DJ Smurf - NonStop Booty Shake
  • It’s Dat Ass That You Shakin’

DJ Smurf – NonStop Booty Shake

Fortune Entertainment 1999
Thrill Da Playa Presents The Best Of Homebass Vol. 1
  • Layaway

Thrill Da Playa Presents The Best Of Homebass Vol. 1

Attitude Records 1999
JT Money & The Poison Clan - The Best Of...
  • Fakin Like Gangsters

JT Money & The Poison Clan – The Best Of…

Lil’ Joe Records 1999
Somethin' For The People - Issues
  • Take It Off

Somethin’ For The People – Issues

Warner Bros. Records 2000
Frekzanatcha - Frekzanatcha
  • Get Wild

Frekzanatcha – Frekzanatcha

Spin-It Records 2001
Thrill Da Playa Presents Dunks N D's
  • Strokin

Thrill Da Playa Presents Dunks N D’s

Thundershot Records 2001
Lil' Jon & The East Side Boyz - Kings Of Crunk
  • Talkin Shit

Lil’ Jon & The East Side Boyz – Kings Of Crunk

TVT Records 2002
Jason Nevins - Pushing It Hard
  • Work That Body (Push It)

Jason Nevins – Pushing It Hard

Radikal Records 2004
Bigg Steele - Size Duz Matter
  • Thicky-Thick

Bigg Steele – Size Duz Matter

Bear Trax Entertainment, Block Ready Records 2005

Compilations

Ghetto Style DJ's Bass
  • I Wanna Rock

Ghetto Style DJ’s Bass

Luke Records 1994
So So Def Bass All Stars Volume II
  • So So Def Quad

So So Def Bass All Stars Vol. 2

So So Def 1995
Eddie (The Soundtrack)
  • Scarred

Eddie (The Soundtrack)

Island Records 1996
Don't Be A Menace OST
  • Freak It Out

Don’t Be A Menace (The Soundtrack)

Island Records 1996
...And Then There Was Bass
  • Let’s Ride

…And Then There Was Bass

LaFace Records 1997
More Biggest Bass Hits From The Bottom Vol. 2
  • Scarred

More Biggest Bass Hits From The Bottom Vol. 2

Pandisc Records 1997
Booty Mix 2 - The Next Bounce
  • Scarred

Booty Mix 2: The Next Bounce

Intersound Records 1997
Lil' Joe's Rap Hits Vol. 1
  • All My Ex’s

Lil’ Joe’s Rap Hits Vol. 1

Lil’ Joe Records 1997
Luke's Peep Show Vol. 1
  • Take Off Your Clothes

Luke’s Peep Show Vol. 1

Luke Records 1997
Luke's Hall Of Fame
  • I Wanna Rock

Luke’s Hall Of Fame

Lil’ Joe Records 1997
Luke's Hall Of Fame Vol. 2
  • It’s Your Birthday

Luke’s Hall Of Fame Vol. 2

Lil’ Joe Records 1997
Booty Jams
  • I Wanna Rock

Booty Jams

Mars Entertainment 1998
D.J. Magic Mike Presents Bootyz In Motion
  • I Wanna Rock

D.J. Magic Mike Presents Bootyz In Motion

Jake Records 1998
Luke's Hall Of Fame Vol. 3
  • I Wanna Rock

Luke’s Hall Of Fame Vol. 3

Lil’ Joe Records 1998
Booty Mixx Party Club Classics
  • Work It Out

Booty Mixx Party Club Classics

Lil’ Joe Records 1998
Kid Capri - Soundtrack To The Streets
  • When We Party

Kid Capri – Soundtrack To The Streets

Columbia 1998
Bass Mixx Party Club Classics
  • Breakdown

Bass Mixx Party Club Classics

Lil’ Joe Records 1999
Latin Booty Jams II
  • Get Your Ass Off The Stage

Latin Booty Jams II

Max Music & Entertainment 1999
Strip Club Classics
  • Take It Off

Strip Club Classics

Lil’ Joe Records 1999
Ringmaster (Music From And Inspired By Jerry Springer's Movie)
  • I Wanna Rock (Doo Doo Version)

Ringmaster (Music From And Inspired By Jerry Springer’s Movie)

Lil’ Joe Records 1999
Booty Thong Party
  • Get Your Ass Off The Stage

Booty Thong Party

Pandisc Records 2000
Down South DJ's
  • I Wanna Rock

Down South DJ’s

Lil’ Joe Records 2000
DJ Magic Mike Presents More Bootyz In Motion
  • Raise The Roof

DJ Magic Mike Presents More Bootyz In Motion

Cold Front Records 2000
Thong Song Album
  • Get Your Ass Off The Stage

Thong Song Album

Koch Records 2000
Pimps, Players & Hustlers
  • Don’t Start No Sh..

Pimps, Players & Hustlers

Lil’ Joe Records 2000
Booty Essentials 2001
  • Don’t Start No Sh..

Booty Essentials 2001

Lil’ Joe Records 2000
Luke's Hall Of Fame Vol. 4
  • Head, Head, & More Head Pt. 2

Luke’s Hall Of Fame Vol. 4

Lil’ Joe Records 2000
Luke's Booty Calls & Chants
  • Where Them Hoes At

Luke’s Booty Calls & Chants

Lil’ Joe Records 2000
Luke's Freak Fest 2000
  • Freak Shawty

Luke’s Freak Fest 2000

Luke Records, Loud Records 2000
Boo-Tay
  • Work It Out

Boo-Tay

Lil’ Joe Records 2001
The Dirty South Raw & Uncut (Soundtrack)
  • Freak Emotion

The Dirty South Raw & Uncut (Soundtrack)

Slip-N-Slide Records 2001
Dirty South Booty Freaknik
  • I Wanna Rock (Doo Doo Brown)

Dirty South Booty Freaknik

Lil’ Joe Records 2001
Booty Phat Classics
  • Work It Out

Booty Phat Classics

Lil’ Joe Records 2001
D.J. Magic Mike Presents Bootyz In Motion 2
  • Raise The Roof

D.J. Magic Mike Presents Bootyz In Motion 2

Down Low Records 2002
Daz Dillinger Presents Who Ride Wit Us - Tha Compalation Vol. 2
  • U Know What We Came Here 4

Daz Dillinger Presents Who Ride Wit Us – Tha Compalation Vol. 2

DPG Recordz 2002
Bootylicious
  • I Wanna Rock (Doo Doo Brown)

Bootylicious

Lil’ Joe Records 2002
Gotta Lot Of Booty
  • I Wanna Rock (Doo Doo Brown)

Gotta Lot Of Booty

Lil’ Joe Records 2002
Uncle Luke - Scandalous - The All Star Compilation
  • Scarred

Scandalous: The All Star Compilation

Luke Records, Orpheus Music 2002
Booty Summer Party 2003
  • Where Them Ho’s At

Booty Summer Party 2003

Lil’ Joe Records 2003
Booty 101 - The Forbidden Dances
  • I Wanna Rock (Doo Doo Brown Version)

Booty 101: The Forbidden Dances

Lil’ Joe Records 2003
Booty Classics Throwback
  • I Wanna Rock (Doo Doo Brown)

Booty Classics Throwback

Lil’ Joe Records 2004
Before There Was Crunk
  • Get Your Ass Off The Stage

Before There Was Crunk

Pandisc Records 2005